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The management performance of marine protected areas in the North-east Atlantic Ocean

By: Álvarez-Fernández, Inma [... et al.]
Contributor(s): Fernández, Nuria | Sánchez-Carnero, Noela | Freire, Juan
Material type: TextTextLanguage: English Description: 159-168 ppISSN: 0308-597XSubject(s): ÁREAS MARINA PROTEGIDAS | OCÉANO ATLÁNTICO NORORIENTAL | RESERVAS MARINAS In: Marine Policy: The International Journal of Ocean Affairs Vol. 76 pp. 159-168Summary: In the North-east Atlantic Ocean there are 550 inshore and offshore MPAs established to accomplish a high diversity of objectives, which can be classified into 24 different types of MPA designations. Only 153 of these MPAs have a management plan (MgP) –the basic tool required for an effective management. Amongst these, only 66 are actually managed, i.e. they have the staff and resources required to operate the plan. A common characteristic of these MPAs is the lack of standardized indicators of their performance. In order to address this issue, an alternative approach was developed based on the assessment of management performance using the expert knowledge and perceptions of managers operating MPAs, a universal source of information that could allow overcoming the usual gaps due to the restrictions in coverage of scientific monitoring and assessments. MgPs showed differences among countries but were homogeneous within each country, reflecting the usual topdown approach in the establishment of MPAs. Compliance with the qualitative objectives present in MgPs was higher than compliance with quantitative ones (87% versus 50%), and the MPAs that most successfully achieved their objectives were those with regular monitoring. This analysis also shows that beyond these objectives, the establishment of an MPA and the activities developed as a consequence of its creation have a positive socioeconomic impact on the local human community.
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Revista Revista Biblioteca Central
Hemeroteca Vol. 76 (2017) Available

In the North-east Atlantic Ocean there are 550 inshore and offshore MPAs established to accomplish a high
diversity of objectives, which can be classified into 24 different types of MPA designations. Only 153 of these
MPAs have a management plan (MgP) –the basic tool required for an effective management. Amongst these,
only 66 are actually managed, i.e. they have the staff and resources required to operate the plan. A common
characteristic of these MPAs is the lack of standardized indicators of their performance. In order to address this
issue, an alternative approach was developed based on the assessment of management performance using the
expert knowledge and perceptions of managers operating MPAs, a universal source of information that could
allow overcoming the usual gaps due to the restrictions in coverage of scientific monitoring and assessments.
MgPs showed differences among countries but were homogeneous within each country, reflecting the usual topdown
approach in the establishment of MPAs. Compliance with the qualitative objectives present in MgPs was
higher than compliance with quantitative ones (87% versus 50%), and the MPAs that most successfully achieved
their objectives were those with regular monitoring. This analysis also shows that beyond these objectives, the
establishment of an MPA and the activities developed as a consequence of its creation have a positive socioeconomic
impact on the local human community.

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