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Structure and productivity of mangrove forests in the Greater Caribbean Region

By: Wiebe, William J...[et al.]
Contributor(s): Gerace, D.T | Flowers, L | Johnson, L | Ward, C | Oxenford, H | Parker, C | Tschirky, J | Smith, S.R | Ellison, J | De Meyer, D | Bush, P | Garzon Ferreira, J | Nivia, J | Por, L.P.J.J | Nagelkerken, J.A | Geraldes, F.X | Ramírez, J | Herrera Silveira, J | Sanchez Arguelles, R.O | García, J.R | Alleng, G | Bonair, K | Laydoo, R | Varela, R | Klein, E | Bone, D | Perez, D | Linton, D
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Balboa, Panamá Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Subject(s): ECOLOGIA | ESTRUCTURA DE LA COMUNIDAD | DINAMICA DE LA COMUNIDAD | IMPACTO AMBIENTAL | CALIDAD DEL AGUA | EFECTOS DEL CLIMA | DISTRIBUCION GEOGRAFICA | MANGLARES | PRODUCTIVIDAD | BIOMASA | PARQUE NACIONAL NATURAL TAYRONA | CARIBE In: Proceedings of the 8th international coral reef symposium (8 : June 24-29, 1996 : Panamá) Vol.1 (1996); pp.669-672Summary: Mangrove forests constitute the major coastal shoraline community in many parts of the Caribbean region. While there is debate about their role in the coastal landscape (exporters of nutrients or traps for terrigenous materials), there is no doubt that their removal adversely affects coastal water quality. Forest structure in the Caribbean varies greatly, from scrub forests on small oceanic islands to extensive, masive forests along continents and some high islands. Of the 14 sites currently reporting data, biomass varies from approximately 1 to 19 kg.m², and spectrum of biomass data. In contrast, the maximum yearly productivity, as measured by litterfall, varied by only 4-fold. Differences between minimum and maximum monthly productivity appear greatest at high latitudes (e.g. a 10 fold difference for Bermuda), while lower latitudes sites show a 2 to 3-fold range. Minimum litterfall at all sites is in winter, while maximum values occur from spring-summer to fall. This study represents one of the most comprehensive, coordinated examinations of mangrove forest dynamics ever undertaken.
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Mangrove forests constitute the major coastal shoraline community in many parts of the Caribbean region. While there is debate about their role in the coastal landscape (exporters of nutrients or traps for terrigenous materials), there is no doubt that their removal adversely affects coastal water quality. Forest structure in the Caribbean varies greatly, from scrub forests on small oceanic islands to extensive, masive forests along continents and some high islands. Of the 14 sites currently reporting data, biomass varies from approximately 1 to 19 kg.m², and spectrum of biomass data. In contrast, the maximum yearly productivity, as measured by litterfall, varied by only 4-fold. Differences between minimum and maximum monthly productivity appear greatest at high latitudes (e.g. a 10 fold difference for Bermuda), while lower latitudes sites show a 2 to 3-fold range. Minimum litterfall at all sites is in winter, while maximum values occur from spring-summer to fall. This study represents one of the most comprehensive, coordinated examinations of mangrove forest dynamics ever undertaken.

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